FPC three main features
1、Deflection of flexible circuits and reliability of the current FPC are: single-sided, double-sided, multilayer flexible and rigid flexible board four boards.
Flexible single-sided board is the lowest cost, do not ask for much when the electrical properties of the PCB. When wiring the single-sided, single-sided flexible board should be selected. It has a layer of conductive chemical etching of the graphics, the flexible insulating substrate of the conductive surface layer for rolling copper foil graphics. Insulating substrate may be polyimide, polyethylene terephthalate, p-aramid fiber acetate and polyvinyl chloride.
flexible double-sided board insulation basement membrane in each of the two sides made of a layer of conductive etched graphics. Metallized holes on both sides of the insulating material to form conductive pathways connecting graphics to meet the deflection of the design and use features. The cover film can protect the single-, double-sided component placement of wires and the location of the instructions.
multi-layer flexible board is 3-layer or more layers of single-sided or double-sided flexible circuits laminated together by drilling larvae L, the formation of the metal plating of holes between different layers in the formation of conductive pathways. In this way, without using complex welding process. Multi-layer circuit at a higher reliability, better thermal conductivity of the assembly and provide greater convenience for performance of functions of great differences. Layout in the design, assembly should take into account the size, layers and flexible interaction.
traditional rigid flexible board is rigid and flexible substrates laminated together selectively composed. Structure to the formation of metal-based conductive connecting L larvae. If a PCB is, have negative components, rigid flexible board is a good choice. But if all components are in the side, the selection of double-sided flexible board, and laminated on the back of a layer of reinforcing material FR4, will be more economical.
hybrid structure is a multilayer flexible circuits, conductive metal layers of different composition. The use of an 8-laminate FR-4 as the dielectric layer, the use of polyimide as the outer layer of the medium, from the direction of the main board out of the three different leads, each lead by different metals. Constantan alloy, copper and gold, respectively, lead an independent. Most of the structure of this mixed signal converter used in the conversion and thermal and electrical properties of the relationship between the relatively harsh conditions of low temperature, is the only viable solution. Can be connected through the ease of design and evaluation of the total cost to achieve the best price-performance ratio.
2、Flexible circuit if the economy is relatively simple circuit design, the total volume of small and appropriate space, the traditional way in most of even a lot cheaper. If the line complex, deals with a number of signals or special electrical or mechanical performance requirements, flexible circuit design is a good choice. When the application size and performance beyond the ability of rigid circuit, the flexible assembly is the most economical. On a thin film can be made from within the hole with 5mil and 12mil pad 3mil lines and spacing of the flexible circuit. Therefore, in thin films direct mount chip more reliable. May be because the free ion source Desmear retardant. These may have a protective film, and at a high curing temperature, the higher the glass transition temperature. Flexible-rigid material than the material cost savings due to eliminating the connector. The high cost of raw materials is the flexible circuit of the main reasons for high prices. Larger difference between the prices of raw materials, the lowest-cost polyester flexible circuits used in the cost of raw materials used in rigid circuit 1.5 times the raw materials; high-performance polyimide flexible circuit is as high as 4 times or more. At the same time, the flexible material during the manufacturing process so that it is not easy to automate processing, resulting in decreased production; in the final assembly process prone to shortcomings, including off flexible attachments, fracture lines. When the design is not suitable for applications, such cases more easily. Caused by bending or forming in the high stress, often need to choose to enhance the material or reinforcement material. Despite the high cost of its raw materials, manufacturing problems, but collapsible, flexible and multi-layered puzzle features, will reduce the overall size of components, materials used be reduced, bringing the total costs of the assembly. Flexible circuits industry is in a small but rapidly evolving. Polymer thick-film method is a highly efficient, low-cost production process. The process in the low-cost flexible substrate, the selective conductive polymer screen printing ink. Its representation matrix for the flexible PET. Polymer thick film screen printing method conductors including filler metal filler or toner. Polymer thick film itself was very clean, the use of lead-free SMT adhesive without etching. Addition of Technology and its use of low-cost substrate, polymer thick film circuit is the method of copper circuits polyimide film prices 1 / 10; is the price of rigid circuit boards 1 / 2 ~ 1 / 3. Polymer thick-film method is particularly well suited to the equipment control panel. In mobile phones and other portable products, polymer thick-film method for the printed circuit board components, switches and lighting devices into law polymer thick film circuit. Both cost savings and reduce energy consumption. Generally speaking, the flexible circuit is indeed cost more than rigid circuits, and higher costs. Flexible plate at the time of manufacture, in many cases have to face the fact that many of the parameters exceeds the tolerance range. Manufacture of flexible circuits is the difficulty of the flexible material.
3、The cost of flexible circuits in spite of the cost of the above-mentioned factors, but the price of flexible assembly is declining, more rigid and traditional circuit similar. The main reason is the introduction of the updated materials, improved production technology and structural change. The structure now makes the product a higher thermal stability, very few materials do not match. Some updated materials from copper layer can be thinner and more sophisticated system of lines, so that components are smaller, more suitable for small load space. The past, the use of copper foil roll adhesion process will be coated with adhesive in the media today, you can not use the adhesive directly on the media to generate copper foil. These technologies can be a few micron thick copper layer, to be 3m. 1 and even more narrow width precision lines. After removing some of the adhesive with a flame-retardant properties of flexible circuits. This will speed up the certification process uL can further reduce costs. Flexible circuit board solder masks and other surface coatings to enable flexible assembly to further reduce costs. In the next few years, smaller, more complex and higher cost-assembled flexible circuit will require more innovative approaches to assembly, and the need to increase the hybrid flexible circuits. The flexible circuit industry challenge is to use its technological advantages, with the computer, remote communications, consumer demand, as well as synchronous dynamic markets. In addition, the flexible circuit in the lead up to play an important role. FPC is referred to as the Flexible Printed Circuit, also known as the soft circuit board, flexible printed circuit boards, flexible circuit boards, referred to as soft board or FPC, with a high density wiring, light weight, thin thickness characteristics. Mainly used in mobile phones, laptop, PDA, digital video cameras, LCM, and many other products. FPC flexible printed circuit is a polyimide or polyester film to a substrate made of a high degree of reliability, excellent flexible printed circuit. Features: 1. Be free to bending, folding, winding, three-dimensional space can be mobile and flexible. 2. Thermal performance can be used to reduce the size of FPC. 3. The realization of lightweight, small and thin to achieve component integration of devices and wires to connect. FPC applications MP3, MP4 players, portable CD players, home VCD, DVD, digital cameras, cell phones and mobile phone batteries, medical, automotive, aerospace and military field of epoxy CCL FPC become an important species with flexible features to epoxy resin for the substrate FCCL (FPC), has a special function as a result of the use of increasingly broad-based epoxy resin copper clad laminate is becoming an important species. However, late start to be in China to catch up. Epoxy Flexible Printed Circuit Board has been since the realization of industrial production has gone through the course of development for more than 30 years. 70s from the 20th century, the beginning of industrialization into a real large-scale production until the late 80’s, as a new class of polyimide film materials available and the application of flexible printed circuit board so that FPC had no adhesive formulations The FPC (generally referred to as “second-type FPC”). Into the 90’s developed the world’s circuits and high-density coverage of the corresponding photosensitive film, made in the design of FPC has made significant changes. Due to open up new application fields, the form of its products have taken place in the concept of non-small changes, which it expanded to include TAB, COB with a wider range of substrates. In the 90’s by the rise of the latter half of the high-density FPC has begun to enter the large-scale industrial production. Its circuit to the more micro-graphic extent of the rapid development of high-density FPC is also a rapidly growing market demand.