Factory develop into automation, how to solve the problem of labor employment?
Recently, an unmanned factory in Dongguan, China has been completed, every day there are 60 machines to polish the frame of mobile phone day and night. Previously, the whole factory needed 650 workers, now producing the same thing as long as 60 workers. With the rapid development of science and technology, industrial automation is more and more common, the liberation of labor at the same time, also caused a lot of labor unemployment. In recent years, the proportion of automation to replace labor has reached 90%, productivity soared 250%, the error rate decreased by 80%.
Oxford University have a survey, the next 20 years, 47% jobs of US are facing the risk of being replaced by automation. Not only the work of the factory were affected, according to the pace of development of robots and artificial intelligence, the machine will soon take over the tasks of various industries, and at least can do as good as human beings, or even better. At this time, what should we do to solve the large numbers of labor's job and income?
The government and the business have been thinking about this problem and come up with some potential solutions to face a lot of future manpower which will be replaced, one of which is the basic income.
Many welfare countries, such as Finland and Canada, have begun to implement basic income experiments in some areas, and the Government of India has also considered the basic income as one of the policies to solve the problem poverty. Bill Gates also said the robot should pay taxes, and Tesla also publicly stated that the basic income is an option.
At the same time, to improve the quality of their own workers, to strengthen their own skills training, robots can solve a large number of repetitive work, people can put into the research and some work which have to be solved by people.